In the world today, the demand of polished concrete floors is majorly on the rise. The polishing process of these floors can be likened to that of wood refinishing, where concrete floor grinders are used together with a floor slander. In this process however, concrete grinders use a combination of diamond abrasives that are metal bond to grind down the concrete surface. After doing this, to achieve the smooth desired surface, resin bond diamonds are used. Polishing of floors involves some techniques that one can use to ensure that floor polishing is done the proper way. Some of the basic steps involved are discussed below.
The first step to concrete floor polishing is to identify the condition of the concrete one is going to use. This is vital for those who want to polish their existing concrete floors. The process of identification followed by a bit of evaluation must be done. But just why is the identification process essential? This step helps one to know the toughness of the concrete they are just about to use. This is done using an equipment known as a MOHS concrete tester. These equipment come with several specifications, and it is therefore important for one to inquire in concrete shops during purchase.
Once the concrete floor condition has been identified, the second step is to prepare the surface for the concrete polishing process. In this step, machines are used to remove floor coatings and existing sealers that had been used previously in the polishing process. Here, any cracks or patches found are filled or repaired. In cases where light coatings or minor blemishes exist, one can jump this step and move directly to the floor grinding process. After all this is done, the next task will be to begin the floor polishing process. Diamond abrasives are used here for rough grinding to smoothen the concrete. The process involved in this step usually depends on the condition of the concrete used.
After polishing, the next step is to add more density to the already polished surface. Application of a liquid chemical hardener is often beneficial after initial floor grinding has been done. This provides an extra protection to the concrete by adding more density and solidifying the surface. Protection is provided against stains and water penetration. A better polishing is also provided by concrete hardening. This is an important process that gives an extremely long life to the concrete floors when compared to all the other floors. For instance, using tiles for flooring provides 10 – 20 years of protection whereas concrete polished floors can provided more than a century worth of floor protection.
With these done, two more steps are involved. The first step is wrapping up the process by conducting final polishing. The main goal of this is to eliminate the scratch patterns on the floor in a process known as lapping. This step is especially done to epoxy garage floors, where the surface of floor is observed to know the quantity of material that is supposed to be removed. Secondly, a form of protection is provided. A commercial stain guard is applied to those surface that are exposed to chemicals and liquids. The kind of solutions used for protection penetrate the floor surface to give them resistance against dirt and stain absorption.